Hári Mária

Air, food, experience and Conductive Education

Today a very interesting, personal piece written by Judit Szathmary, a very experienced conductor and service provider, has gone up on Facebook . It is the November issue of her Digest  and she gives the link from her website for technical reasons.

She writes about air, food and experience and how these things interact with, and are part of, Conductive Education. Do read it and see life from a different perspective.


Some new books on Conductive Education

I have been building a library of items on Conductive Education for Conduction over the past few years. It is growing nicely now and becoming a respectable collection of books, articles, papers etc both published, and unpublished.

Today I was given two new items to add. The first is a new book in Hungarian published by Pető András Főiskola [Pető András College] in Budapest, entitled:

Tanulmányok a konduktív peadagógia köréből;A Hári Mária-pályázat gyűjteményéből. 

The welcome page of the book [translated for me into English] states:

Hari Maria is a role model for all of us because of her devoted work for sustaining and protecting the Peto method. Therefore it is not accidental that, in recognition and respect of her professional work and humanity we called the first Hari Maria competition.

This book contains papers which were submitted and accepted by professional judges –  and were written by this famous institute’s lecturers, conductors and students.

This collection of papers about Conductive Education and Pető András makes  a substantial book of 446 pages with illustrations, some black and white, some coloured. 

The second, was the abstract book for the 9th World Congress on Conductive Education which was held in Budapest , December 2016.

Other recent additions are Emlékkönyv Dr Hári Mária 1923-2001,


Genesis; bringing Conductive Education to Israel.

This increasing number of books on Conductive Education is good to see after years of very little being published.


Deák, Adrienn. and Kollega, Tarsoly István., ed. (2016) Tanulmányok a konduktív peadagógia köréből; a Hári Mária-pályázat gyűjteményéből.[Studies from the conductive pedagógia; from the collection of papers from the Hari Maria competition] Budapest: Pető András Főiskola.

Balogh, E and Németh, G. ed., (2016) Abstract book of 9th World Congress on Conductive Education. Budapest: International Pető Association.

Kollega, T.I. ed. (2014) Emlékkönyv Dr Hári Mária 1923-2001. Budapest: Pető András Főiskola [In memory of Dr Hári Mária]

Schenker, R., ed. (2016) Genesis; bringing Conductive Education to Israel. Birmingham: CEP and Jerusalem: Tsad Kadima.

Maria Hari’s contribution to Conductive Education

I have just seen Andrew’s post about the anniversary of Maria Hari’s death and it set me thinking about her.
She was keen for people to know about and understand Conductive Education and produced  many items on the subject. I compiled a bibliography of her work some time ago now and this is now up in the Depository of the Virtual Library on Conduction’s website and this includes unpublished papers, books, articles and conference presentations   in English, French and Hungarian.
There are other references to her on the Internet which may be of interest too  at
Do have a look and see.
Its important that she be remembered.

Prices rising in the second hand market

Every now and again I look at second hand books on Conductive Education available via the internet and after seeing Andrew’s posting yesterday, decided to see what I could find.

I was amazed to see a copy of Hari and Akos’ Conductive Education for over £2,000!  This morning I checked it again and the price has been revised to £302.76 plus £11.39 postage to be sent from US to UK.

Still a large amount.

Other copies are available for £40 plus. More realistic, I would think.

On the other hand, some titles e.g. Conductive Education: a system for overcoming motor disorder, or Dina  are going for pennies.

JustBooks searches a variety of second-hand book sites and this produces an interesting collection at a variety of prices. Hari and Akos are included up to £3,000 + on Amazon in France and Italy.


Is anyone will to pay such big sums?  I doubt it.

Snippets and memories about Mária Hári on the Internet

 After including the bibliography of Mária Hári in the Conduction website Depository  at
 I thought it might be worth searching the Internet for other shorter virtual pieces about her. The list below is the result which is  rather disappointing as there are few contributors.
I was not able to find anything on the Pető  Institute website at all.
If I have missed anything, please do let me know and then I can include it.

Anon (2001) Obituary in Nursery Worldhttp://www.nurseryworld.co.uk/news/717668/briefMaria-Hari-director/?DCMP=ILC-SEARCH

Borbely, A. (n.d.) Dr. Maria Hari
Mallett, S. (2010) Thinking about or remembering

Mallett, S. (2010) Maria Hari on conductive pedagogy

Mallett, S. (2011) Remembering Dr Maria Hari

Mallett, S. (2011) Making the rounds at the PAI

Perrin, N. (2010) Remembering Dr Hari

Sutton, A. (2006) Notes towards a history of Conductive Education

Sutton, A. (2008) Maria Hari on Conductive Education

Sutton, A. (2009) Maria Hari at the Palace of Westminster

Sutton, A. (2010) A Doktornő – a pedagógus

Sutton, A. (2010) One of Maria’s favourites

Sutton, A. (2010) Remember Maria

Sutton, A. (2010) Mention of Maria strikes a chord

Sutton, A. (2010) Hari, Nietsche,Kant, Sinatra memento mori – memento vitae

Sutton, A. (2010) Emlékezés [translation in to Hungarian of Nietsche,Kant, Sinatra memento mori – memento vitae

Sutton, A. (2011) Turning in the grave

Sutton, A. (2011) Maria Hari in her prime

Sutton, A. (2011) A night at the theatre

Sutton, A. (2011) Hariana 5 – Speaking out – what is and what is not CE?

Sutton, A. (2011) Hariana 6 – Disciples awake -provide the means to touch others

Sutton, A.(2011) Hariana 7 – Obituaries – I marked it my way

Sutton, A. (2011) On Hari – and Peto

Anniversary of Mária Hári’s death

It is ten years ago today since Mária Hári died of spinal cancer in Budapest.


I only met her once very briefly at Heathrow Airport on the way to Budapest, but was present at the Birmingham Institute of Conductive Education when she presented the diplomas to the graduating English conductors in 1992.


Mária Hári started working with András Pető as a volunteer helper after the Second World War and worked closely with him as he developed Conductive Education. On his death in 1967 Dr Hári succeeded him as director of the Institute, a post she held until her retirement in 1993. During her career she wrote widely on Conductive Education in several languages besides her native Hungarian.
A bibliography of her work is now up in the Depository of the Virtual Library on Conduction’s website and this includes unpublished papers, books, articles and conference presentations   in English, French and Hungarian.
 I believe all items mentioned are available in the National Library of Conductive Education or the Hári Mária  Library at the Peto Institute. English translations only from the National Library of Conductive Education.

Judit’s Hungarian book about Conductive Education

I have seen today a note on Judit Szathmary’s blog about a book on Conductive Education in Hungarian:
Hári Mária, Székely Ily (1963)  Bevezeto A Konduktiv Mozgaspedagogiaba; Pető András eloadasai es gyakorlati bemutatoi alapjan. Gyogypedagogiai Tanarkepzo Foiskola, Budapest: Tankonyvkiado.
Judit has a copy given to her by Ester Cotton, who had had the book signed by Maria Hari , making it a very special item  of CE literature.
I remember this book, as it was held in the National Library of Conductive Education whilst I was there.
If anyone wishes to look at it I suggest they contact the National Institute of Conductive Education in Birmingham or perhaps Judit,  via her blog at

Conductive Education Classic no.8

Akos, K., ed. (1975) Scientific Studies on Conductive Pedagogy. Budapest: Conductors’ College.

This book was published in 1975 by the Institute for Conductive Education of the Motor Disabled Conductor’s College ( now the Peto Institute), edited by Károly Ákos and translated by Peter Szoke. It was the first one in English.This is not a very well known text and why it was produced I do not know, but perhaps there is a clue in the introduction by Hári Maria. She had read papers at meetings and conferences in the West since the 1960s and might have felt that she had not been fully understood. In the introduction she says:

The understanding of conductive pedagogy, just like that of many other disciplines, is often impeded by the enforcement of inadequate notions…The following papers are modest initiatives aimed at the clarification of the ideas of conductive pedagogy. The individual topics have been selected with regard to the aspects most frequently encountered according to experience…Our only objective is to promote the understanding of conductive pedagogy.


The notions of conductive pedagogy Introduction… Maria HáriThe application efficiency of conductive pedagogy…Maria HáriThe idea of learning in conductive pedagogy…Maria Hári

Didactics in conductive pedagogy…F.Székely

Relation of learning to teaching in conductive pedagogy…J. Pancsovay

The importance of playing in conductive pedagogy…F. Székely

Nursing activity of the conductive pedagogic network…Maria Hári

Therapy or teaching? A discussion on rehabilitation

The rehabilitation of motor disorder patients in statistics

The unity of theory and practice in the training of conductors…Maria Hári

A number of photos are included along with a short bibliography.

As to availability, I am not sure, but suggest that contacting the Peto Institute would be the best way of obtaining it as they may still have some copies for sale.

Several copies are in the National Library of Conductive Education.

Who said what? One thing leads to another

A few days ago I had a request asking:
 I am looking for a quote that I thought was attributed to Peto, but now I can’t find the source that I thought it came from. The quote was something like…’Do not ask me what I can do for a child. Ask the child what he can do for himself.’

Since then there has been some blogging about this as others have made suggestions, but unfortunately it has not been possible for any of us to confirm the source either way. I feel it originated from Maria Hari but am not in a position to check this.

It led me to look at Maria Hari on conductive pedagogy in the hope I would find it there, but all I found was a substantial number of statements that are very similar:

eg. ‘The work of the conductor is simply to motivate the child to do well’. p71.

‘The child learns that he can change position. The conductor must prove it to him. The conductor gives him the chance to interact with the environment and to overcome difficulties’ p72.

every child must know that he is absolutely free to do what he wants and that he is the most essential, his skills are appreciated, his life has meaning’ p109.

 Not quite as snappy as the quote asked about, but just as good, I think.This made me realise what a goldmine the book is, it can help with explaining the philosophy and pedagogy behind Conductive Education. It does this clearly and succinctly, and all those wishing to know more should get hold of a copy.

There are copies in the National Library of Conductive Education and also copies for sale from

the National Institute of Conductive Education library@conductive-education.org.uk

At one point Andrew talked about compiling a little book of quotes from the writings of Hari which, perhaps could be looked at with Peto’s proverbs, ( as mentioned on Susie’s blog) if the source can ever be confirmed.

http://www.susie-mallett.org/2009/07/do-not-ask-me-what-i-can-do-for-child.html and


Perhaps a collection of such fully referenced quotes would be useful, though of course, it must always be remembered that statements can be distorted when used out of context.

Maguire, G. and Sutton, A. ed. (2004) Maria Hari on conductive pedagogy. Birmingham: Foundation for Conductive Education.

Conductive Education classics no. 5

Hári, M. and Ákos, K. (1988) Conductive Education. London: Routledge

This is an English translation by Neville Horton Smith and Joy Stevens of the original Hungarian book published in 1971 as Konduktív Pedagógia. It is the most frequently cited title and considered the standard text by many, although it disappointed a lot of people on publication because it was mainly medical in content.
Conductive Education was planned as the first in a series covering the background and basis for the practice of Conductive Education, but as far as I know no further parts were published. About two thirds concentrates on medical aspects – the brain, neurology etc before getting down to explaining how Conductive Education can help. These chapters cover such aspects as the group, facilitation, observation and task series.

A large number of photographs are included in an appendix , pages 233-375, showing certain tasks used in the groups for the different types of cerebral palsy.
This book is now out of print but is held in the National Library of Conductive Education and also a number of second-hand copies are available from Amazon or Abebooks at a range of prices.

Hári, M. and Ákos, K. (1971) Konduktív Pedagógia. Budapest: Tankönyvarkiadó